Wednesday, July 28, 2010

DETP Assignment 2 Submission (Word Limit 250)


An inflextion point was reached in 1967 when the landless agricultural labourers of Naxalbari, led by few CPI (M) leaders, could not tolerate further and revolted against the exploitation of landlords. The first phase of Naxalbari Movement (1969-75) was characterized by ‘direct action’ taken by dalits in the form of attacking the landlords, burning the mortgage papers and looting granaries for redistribution among themselves. The second phase (1978-90) was known for the repressive measures taken by the state and the involvement of police as an agent of the state. The third phase (1991-2005) was contemporary to the economic reforms.

One of the prominent repressive measure taken by the state has been in the form of ‘grouping’ where villages after villages are relocated in a single area to cut them off from the underground Naxalites who depend on these villagers for their daily needs. The area thus vacated is being allocated to MNCs like Tata and Essar. On one hand renegade Naxalites are receiving protection from state to become powerful and exploitative. On the other hand it is not uncommon to declare Naxalite a person who questions the state and its institutions. This is happening all over India.


It seems the problem is not disparity but it is the 'forces' which want to sustain this disparity and to thrive on it.

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